Alternatives for certain substances and group of substances
The SUBSPORT Methodology for Alternatives Assessment was tested on exemplary substances. This subpage directs towards the comprehensive SUBSPORTplus Case Studies. In addition, studies and reports on alternatives from other sources, by acknowledged institutions and authorities, are available. Finally even more information on alternatives con be retrieved from homepages and links presented at the bottom of this subpage.
The original SUBSPORT project developed a method to evaluate alternatives for certain substances and groups of substances. Based on the "SUBSPORT methodology for the evaluation of alternatives of selected substances", more detailed case studies have been prepared in 2013-2015. Some examples of these case studies are given below and can be used as inspiration for your own search for alternatives and as a reference point for an evaluation.
|Bisphenol A||Bottles and containers for food and beverages, beverage and food packaging, thermal paper||SUBSPORT Specific Substances Alternatives Assessment – Bisphenol A (PDF, 743 KB)||2013||SUBSPORT|
|Nonylphenol and Nonylphenolethoxylate||Detergents and cleaning agents, paints, adhesives, textiles, leather goods||SUBSPORT Specific Substances Alternatives Assessment – Nonylphenols and Nonylphenol ethoxylates||2013||SUBSPORT|
|Parabene (Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Propylparaben, Butylparaben)||Preservative in cosmetics, food and beverages, cleaning agents, pharmaceuticals||SUBSPORT Specific Substances Alternatives Assessment – Parabens||2013||SUBSPORT|
The case studies and the SUBSPORT Specific Substances Alternatives Assessments Methodology are only available in English. There are other, old case studies (from 2013) on the following substances: formaldehyde, chloroalkanes, hexabromocyclodecane, lead, perchloroethylene and chromium(VI). These case studies can be found in the case story database.
Other institutions and authorities have carried out surveys and studies on the availability and implementation of alternatives for selected hazardous substances in specific uses. Below is a list of some examples of reports that describe current alternatives.
|Chrom VI||Chrome plating for the rolls of skin-pass mill||Substitution of chrome plating for the rolls of skin-pass mill||2016||EU commission|
|Chromtrioxide||Functional and decorative chrome plating||Survey on technical and economic feasibility of the available alternatives for chromium trioxide on the market in hard/functional and decorative chrome plating||2020||BAuA|
|In-can preservation||Survey on alternatives for in-can preservatives for varnishes, paints and adhesives||2020||BAuA|
|Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)||Food Contact Materials||PFASs and alternatives in food packaging (paper and paperboard):Report on the commercial availability and current uses||2020||OECD|
In the search for alternatives, you can follow research and development work, conduct it yourself and exchange information on substitution approaches and progress in the appropriate networks. Innovations for new products, materials and processes are equally important. Consider branch solutions to avoid or reduce hazardous substances.
Different authorities, institutions and organisations provide support in the search for alternatives. Some helpful links are listed below.