A hospital laundry establishment located in Madrid dry-cleaned sheets, towels, working clothes, etc. for several healthcare facilities. Perchlorethylene was used only to remove persistent stains. Union intervention managed to eliminate the product and clothes with persistent stains are now discarded.
Elimination of naphtha contained in a combustion accelerator of a hospital laundry boiler in central Madrid which performed dry cleaning of hospital clothes. Union representatives and regional health and safety experts recommended against the use of the accelerator due to its environmental and health risks.
A Danish company produces industrial washing machines. They substituted a paint based on epoxy/polyester with a paint based on polyester. This new product is not classified and has a MAL code number 00-1 (see description for explanation) , which is much better than the former used product, the technical performance is better and the energy consumption lower, which probably counterbalances a higher cost price.
Toxic chemicals found in printing inks based on organic solvents used for the printing of plastic shopping bags were replaced by water-based inks, which eliminated toluene and butan-1-ol from the printing process.
A solvent containing isopropanol, 2-methylpropan-1-ol and heptane was used in the cleaning of printing rolls used for bag printing. The previous substitution of organic inks by water based inks solved the problem since solvents were no longer necessary for the cleaning of rolls (the solvent is usually substituted by water and ammonia).
Trichloroethylene is used in quality control laboratories to determine the amount of bitumen in asphalt mixtures. Bitumen is a hazardous substance whose elimination or substitution by a less dangerous chemical is a health and safety priority.
The elimination of trichloroethylene from the production process is carried out through a small muffle furnace that burns the asphalt mix at the temperature of evaporation for bitumen. This procedure facilitates the calculation of bitumen percentage in the mix based on the weight difference.
This project focuses on the consequences of a possible ban of phosphate in laundry and automatic dishwashing detergents. Based on the results of a screening and a risk assessment of the substances with highest risk a ban of phosphate in laundry detergents will not lead to toxic effects in the aquatic environment but it will improve the situation.
In this study a number of alternative plasticisers to the phthalates DEHP (Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate), DBP (Di-n-butyl phthalate)and BBP (Butyl benzyl phthalate) are described and assessed. Suitable alternative plasticisers have been identified for most applications of the phthalates, and ten of these have been assessed in detail.
Printing plates, which were fixed and developed based on a photographic film, were substituted with a technique called computer to plate – CTP. With this technique, the files are directly transferred from computer files to the aluminium printing plate in a closed system. The developer and fixer have been replaced by a finisher.
The report synthesizes and presents a coherent approach any firm can adopt to move towards a fully integrated healthy business strategy. It provides six examples of companies that are adopting healthy strategies.
This document concerns information on musk xylene, a synthetic musk used in phragrances and potential alternatives to its use. The main alternatives to musk xylene are compounds from the macrocyclic musk group as well as the alicyclic musk group. Polycyclic musks are also an alternative but have in recent years been considered unsafe because of their potential negative effects on the environment.